2018-19 Undergraduate Catalog 
    
    Jul 10, 2020  
2018-19 Undergraduate Catalog [Archived Catalog]

Courses


 
  
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    ACC 215 - Principles of Financial Accounting

    (4 credits)
    This course covers the basic introduction to financial management and financial accounting, including an understanding of the concepts, principles and practices in these areas.

  
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    ACC 216 - Principles of Managerial Accounting

    (3 credits)
    This course covers the basic concepts, principles and practice in managerial accounting, including the use of accounting in management decision- making.

    Prerequisite: ACC215.

  
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    ACC 306 - Cost Accounting

    (3 credits)
    This course involves the study of cost systems and their use in decision-making by management. Emphasis is placed on the areas of cost-volume-profit analysis, job-order and process costing systems, budgets and standards, cost allocation and capital budgeting.

    Prerequisites: ACC215 and 216.

  
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    ACC 307 - Individual Income Tax

    (4 credits)
    This is an introduction to current federal and state taxation laws and practices. The emphasis is on the federal income tax and its impact on accounting procedures and management decision-making.

    Prerequisites: ACC215 and 216, or permission of chair of the business department.

  
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    ACC 310 - Non-Profit and Governmental Accounting

    (2 credits)
    This course provides coverage of accounting and reporting standards for not-for-profit organizations and state and local governments. It includes accounting for hospitals, college and universities, voluntary health and welfare organizations, and others. Coverage will also be provided for governmental, propriety and fiduciary type funds used in governments.

    Prerequisites: ACC215 and ACC216 or permission of instructor.

  
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    ACC 315 - Intermediate Accounting I

    (4 credits)
    This course is a study of the development of accounting principles and practices as they apply to financial statements. Emphasis is placed on the development of the theory used in accounting practice.

    Prerequisites: ACC215 and 216.

  
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    ACC 316 - Intermediate Accounting II

    (4 credits)
    This course is a continuation of the accounting principles and practices covered in Intermediate Accounting I. Special emphasis is on stockholders” equity and dilutive securities, special issues related to income measurement, and preparation and analysis of financial statements.

    Prerequisite: ACC315.

  
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    ACC 398 - Directed Study


  
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    ACC 415 - Auditing

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    This course studies the internal control procedures in modern business, the development of auditing standards and procedures, the theory behind the development of such auditing standards and procedures, and how these auditing standards and procedures are applied to the public accountancy field. Special emphasis is on the auditor’s decision-making process.

    Prerequisites: ACC315 and 316, or permission of chair of the business department.

  
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    ACC 417 - Internship


  
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    ACC 418 - Advanced Accounting

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    This course is a study of accounting for partnerships, business combinations, affiliated companies, government entities and nonprofit organizations.

    Prerequisites: ACC315 and 316, or permission of chair of the business department.

  
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    ACC 420 - CPA Review

    (1 credit)
    This course will be a comprehensive review of material for the CPA exam, using a computerized review package.

    Note: Graded on a pass/no pass basis.

    Prerequisites: ACC415 and 418, or permission of the instructor.

  
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    ACC 430WIx - Entity Tax and Law

    (4 credits) (Writing intensive)
    This course is a continuation of Individual Income Tax and Business Law. This course will focus on the legal and tax differences between partnerships, LLC’s and the corporate business structure as well as how those differences impact management decision-making. Other topics covered may include federal regulation of business, estate planning and bankruptcy.

    Prerequisites: ACC307 and BUS321 or permission of instructor.

    Cross-Referenced: Cross-referenced in business.
  
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    ACC 490SR - Senior Seminar in Accounting

    (2 credits)
    This course serves as the capstone to the accounting major at Northwestern College. Through readings, journals, papers and oral presentations, students will reflect on their learning and connect it to their life after college as an accountant. Senior accounting students will have the opportunity to evaluate their success in meeting the goals of NWCore, synthesize their curricular and co-curricular learning experiences, and articulate the distinctives of being a Christian accountant.

    Prerequisites: Senior status, ACC315 and ACC316, and the student’s last year at NWC; or permission of the instructor.

  
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    AGR 101 - Introduction to Agricultural Business

    (3 credits)
    This course will examine the foundational principles in livestock and crop production systems utilized in the Midwest. Basic cultural, management, scientific, and business principles used in the production of food and fiber will be covered. In addition, the course will incorporate agricultural safety and occupational hazards for developing competencies needed for agricultural work site.

  
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    AGR 210 - Practicum in Agricultural Business

    (1 credit)
    This course will provide practical work experience for students in the field of agricultural business.

    Prerequisite: AGR101.

  
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    AGR 310WI - Agribusiness Writing

    (2 credits) (Writing intensive)
    Agribusiness Writing is an interdisciplinary writing course focused on the study and practice of written communication essential to success in the professional world. The course explores techniques and strategies specific to agribusiness writing through lectures, exercises, collaborative projects, and individual writing assignments.

    Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and two ACC, AGR, BUS or ECO courses.

  
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    AGR 330 - Agricultural Technology Systems

    (4 credits)
    This course will provide exposure to many of the current technology advances utilized in modern agricultural production. Topics will include drones, global positioning systems, auto steer, variable rate technology, soil grid sampling, cloning, embryo transfer, robotic milking, laser cutting, and data analysis. This course will include numerous tours, demonstrations, and presentations.

    Prerequisite: AGR101.

  
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    AGR 340 - Agricultural Issues & Ethics

    (2 credits)
    This course will examine many of the current issues and ethical arguments facing the agricultural industry today. Topics will include livestock production practices, animal rights issues, genetically modified crops, organic foods, water quality issues, climate change, conservation, energy use, food safety, land acquisition, and government farm programs.

    Prerequisites: AGR101 and sophomore standing.

  
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    AGR 410 - Agricultural Risk & Cost Management

    (4 credits)
    In this course, we will analyze and review commodity marketing, marketing costs, governmental regulations, marketing information sources, pricing, distribution, competition, and retailing. In addition to marketing, we will examine the risk factors on the production side of agricultural products.

    Prerequisites: AGR101 and ACC 216.

  
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    AGR 417 - Agricultural Internship

    (4 credits may apply toward the major)
    Prerequisite: approval by business department.

  
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    ART 105AE - Introduction to Studio

    (4 credits) (NWCore option under Aesthetic Experience)
    This course introduces students to studio art media and the basics of two and three-dimensional design. Art terms and concepts will be explained and essential vocabulary will be utilized. Basic problems of aesthetics and the nature of art will be explored throughout the course. Emphasis is upon learning creative problem solving using visual media. Art history is introduced in the presentation of projects. Studio projects, discussions and criticism of art works are feature of the course.

    Note: Does not count toward an art major or minor. A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    ART 120AE - Art History Survey, Prehistoric Through Medieval

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department) (NWCore option under Aesthetic Experience)
    This course provides a survey of art from the Prehistoric through Medieval periods. Students will study the development of artists and artistic styles by examining key visual works and pertinent social, political, and philosophical ideas and events. Through written responses, discussions, and projects, students will explore the impact of art from this time period, and learn how to articulate things clearly and tactfully.

  
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    ART 122AE - Art History Survey, Renaissance Through Early 20th Century

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department) (NWCore option under Aesthetic Experience)
    This course provides a survey of art from the Renaissance through early 20th century. Students will study the development of artists and artistic styles by examining key visual works and relevant social, political, and philosophical ideas and events. Through written responses, discussions, and projects, students will explore the impact of art from this time period, and learn how to articulate thoughts clearly and tactfully.

  
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    ART 150 - Introduction to Art Therapy

    (2 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    This course is designed to offer students a didactic and experiential overview of the field of art therapy. Students will study the history, theory, and practice of art therapy processes and approaches as well as survey the populations, settings and applications of this unique therapeutic technique.

  
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    ART 164 - Photography I

    (2 credits)
    Taught as a medium of creative expression or as an art form and as a journalistic tool. Film processing and printing are taught as well as camera techniques, darkroom procedures and presentation of work for exhibitions.

    Note: A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    ART 206 - Drawing

    (4 credits)
    Drawing will emphasize learning how to perceive the three- dimensional world and render it on paper using the most simple and direct drawing media. Drawing will form the foundation of work in other media. Design fundamentals will be a significant part of the course.

    Note: Class critiques are used to learn formal vocabulary, find content in drawings and understand fine art. A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    ART 215 - Ceramics

    (4 credits)
    The art of working with clay and other ceramic materials. Emphasis will be upon learning the fundamentals of three-dimensional design and achieving an understanding of clay as a unique art form. Techniques include hand-building sculptural and functional forms, and learning the basics of throwing on the wheel and glazing.

    Note: A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    ART 220 - Graphic Design I

    (4 credits)
    Graphic Design I is an introduction to the computer applications used in the communication, design and publishing fields. There will be an introduction to graphic design problems and projects in order to learn how these applications all work together.

  
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    ART 230 - Design: Theory and Practice

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    Study of the language of visual art including the elements and principles of design. Emphasis on learning creative problem solving and activities that focus upon the making and criticism of design projects in response to specific problems. The ethics and stewardship of design, and its influence on society and culture are considered.

  
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    ART 235 - Integrating Art for Elementary Classroom Teachers

    (1 credit)
    Methodology of teaching art concepts to elementary-aged students integrated into the elementary curriculum. Studio projects, textbook study, and lectures are included.

    Note: Does not count toward an art major or minor.

    Prerequisite: EDU326.

  
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    ART 244 - Painting

    (4 credits)
    Introduces students to the techniques of oil, acrylic and water color painting. Students will learn to understand compositional form and color relationships. Historical examples of painting are examined and different methods of painting are demonstrated. Class critiques are used to learn formal vocabulary and achieve an understanding of subject style and content in painting.

    Note: A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    ART 265 - Photography II

    (2 credits)
    The fundamentals of photography as an art medium and a journalistic tool are used to develop an individual style or method of composing and printing photographs. This individual aesthetic approach will be seen in all the work presented at the end of the course.

    Note: A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: ART164.

  
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    ART 308 - Methods of Teaching Secondary Art

    (2 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    The content, techniques and media for teaching art at the secondary education level. This course requires a 30 hour practicum and is required of each candidate seeking an endorsement in this content area.

    Note: Does not count toward an art major or minor.

  
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    ART 317 - Sculpture

    (4 credits)
    Students will use a variety of three-dimensional materials and methods to explore the question: What makes good design? Stressing practice before theory, students will manipulate and construct designs that reveal and embody the principles underlying good design. Students will focus on the development of strong ideas, creativity, and problem solving skills. Work must demonstrate effective execution and conceptual clarity, and students must be able to articulate their process and concept.

    Note: A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    ART 320 - Graphic Design II

    (4 credits)
    Graphic Design II is a course for students to gain the understanding of what good design is and how to clearly communicate with it. Students will produce finished examples of graphic design with a specific use in mind such as advertising, public information, business communication, etc.

    Prerequisite: ART220.

  
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    ART 325 - Special Topics in Art

    (2 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    A course providing the opportunity to do a concentrated study in the field of art, art history and/or design.

    Note: May be taken more than once provided a different topic is studied.

    Prerequisites will be determined by instructor and department according to the topic of the course.

  
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    ART 331WI - Art Since 1940

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department) (Writing intensive)
    A survey of contemporary art and the art of the second half of the 20th century. The course will focus on studying the development of artists and their works by examining their works and identifying the artistic, social, political and philosophical ideas and events that may have been influential. In the process, artistic styles and movements will be defined and compared.

    Prerequisites: ART120AE and 122.

  
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    ART 342 - Printmaking

    (4 credits)
    This course will provide an introduction to the foundational printmaking techniques of: intaglio, lithography, relief and monotype. Demonstrations and individual assistance will help you gain technical proficiency, while in-class discussions and critiques will help you cultivate unique visual ideas. Reading assignments and responsive essays will allow you to consider questions inherent in printmaking and hone your ability to put visual phenomena into words.

    Note: A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    ART 398 - Directed Study


  
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    ART 417 - Internship

    (2 credits may apply toward the major)
    An internship to provide the student with opportunities to learn and to apply the knowledge, principles, and abilities gained from the curriculum. Opportunities are available in professional art studios, graphic design studios, galleries, museums and printing houses.

  
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    AUS 311 - Field Botany


  
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    AUS 312 - Insect Ecology of Streams, Forests and Fields


  
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    AUS 315 - Woody Plants


  
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    AUS 322 - Aquatic Biology


  
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    AUS 361 - Field Natural History


  
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    BIO 101SN - Introduction to Environmental Science

    (4 credits) (NWCore option under Science and the Natural World)
    An introduction to an understanding of Earth’s basic life support systems, the impact of human activity on such systems, and the ethical basis and strategies for human response to environmental degradation.

    Note: Includes 1 1/2 hours of lab per week. Does not count toward a biology major or minor. A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    BIO 102SN - Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology

    (4 credits) (NWCore option under Science and the Natural World)
    An introduction to the structure and function of the human body.

    Note: Includes 1 1/2 hours of lab per week. Does not count toward a biology major or minor. A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    BIO 110SN - Introduction to Life Science

    (4 credits) (NWCore option under Science and the Natural World)
    This course explores life processes common to plants, animals, and protists; cell structure and function; biodiversity; an introduction to genetics; biochemistry and development; evolution and ecology. Laboratory exercises will help students explore each topic using the scientific method. Hypothesis forming, data analysis and reporting are essential components of the laboratory. Accompanying materials introduce students to Christian perspectives on current issues in molecular genetics, evolutionary theory and creation stewardship.

    Note: Does not count toward a biology major or minor. A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    BIO 115SN - General Biology: Molecular and Cellular Biology

    (4 credits) (NWCore option under Science and the Natural World)
    An introduction to molecular and cellular biology, with an examination of the processes common to living organisms and an introduction to the diversity of life, emphasizing unicellular organisms. This introduction will provide students with a basic understanding of macromolecules, cell structure and function, respiration and photosynthesis, the cell cycle, meiosis, genetics, mechanisms of evolutionary change, and Christian perspectives on evolutionary biology.

    Note: Three lectures and 3 hours of laboratory work per week. A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    BIO 116 - General Biology: Ecology and Organismal Biology

    (4 credits)
    An introduction to organismal biology and ecology. Structure and function of representatives from the plant and animal kingdom are emphasized. In addition, students will be introduced to basic ecological concepts and Christian perspectives on stewardship.

    Note: Three lectures and 3 hours of laboratory work per week. A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    BIO 121 - Introduction to Human Anatomy

    (4 credits)
    An introduction to the anatomical structures of the human body. The focus of the course will be on structures of: cells, tissues, organs and organ systems. The systems studied will include (but not necessarily limited to) integument, bone, skeletal system (including joints), muscle, cardiovascular, nervous, lymphatic, endocrine, respiratory, renal, reproductive and gastrointestinal.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week as well as lab practical examinations using either dissected organs from an animal source or A.D.A.M. interactive anatomy. Does not count toward a biology major or minor. A fee is associated with this course.

    Concurrent requisite: CHE101SN or 111.

  
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    BIO 122 - Introduction to Human Physiology

    (4 credits)
    An introduction to the physiology of the human body. The focus of the course will be on homeostasis and the function of: biomolecules, cells and tissues, organs and organ systems. The contribution of each of the following organ systems to physiologic homeostasis will be examined: nervous, muscle, cardiovascular, endocrine, respiratory, renal, reproductive and gastrointestinal.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week which will emphasize the measurement of organ system function. Does not count toward a biology major or minor. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: CHE101SN or 111; Concurrent requisite: CHE102 or 112.

  
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    BIO 150SN - Brain and Behavior: The Mind’s Machine

    (4 credits) (NWCore option under Science and the Natural World)
    An interdisciplinary introduction to the biological, psychological and neuroscientific foundations of the brain, mind and behavior that integrates Christian perspectives to address questions like “who am I” and “how and why do I do what I do.”

    Note: Includes 3 lectures and 1 1/2 hours of lab per week. Does not count toward a biology major or minor. A fee is associated with this course.

  
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    BIO 201 - Bioethics

    (4 credits; non-yearly, consult department)
    A seminar which applies Christian perspectives to selected problems in the field of biology.

    Note: Does not count toward a biology major or minor.

  
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    BIO 202WI - Genetics and Genomics

    (4 credits) (Writing intensive)
    An introduction to the principles of heredity and their practical applications.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO115 or 116.

  
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    BIO 203 - Microbiology

    (4 credits)
    A study of the morphology and physiology of microorganisms with special emphasis on bacteria and viruses. Those organisms that have an economic or medical importance will be highlighted, and basic laboratory techniques will be stressed.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: CHE102 or CHE112 and either BIO115, 116 or BIO121, 122.

  
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    BIO 205 - Ecology

    (4 credits)
    A study of the processes determining the distribution and abundance of organisms in space and time, their exchange of matter and energy with their environment, the measurement of these phenomena, and the application of ecological knowledge in the care of creation.

    Note: Course includes required field trips and 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116

  
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    BIO 221 - Human Anatomy

    (4 credits)
    A study of the gross structure of the systems of the human body.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisite: BIO102SN, 115 or permission of instructor.

  
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    BIO 222 - Human Physiology

    (4 credits)
    A study of the mechanisms by which the human body functions. Emphasis will be given to nerve and muscle function, and thereafter to hormonal control and the integrated systems that allow for respiratory, digestive, excretory and reproductive activities.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO102SN or 115 and CHE101SN, 102 or CHE111, 112 or permission of instructor.

  
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    BIO 250 - Special Topics

    (2-4 credits; non-yearly, consult department)
    Courses and topics not taught on a regular basis are assigned to this category. Extended field trips for which credit is offered also fall into this category.

  
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    BIO 280 - Vertebrate Zoology

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    An in-depth study of the major groups of vertebrate species. Topics include vertebrate taxonomy, classification, comparative vertebrate anatomy, physiology, behavior, and life histories.

    Note: Three lectures and 3 hours of laboratory work per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116.

  
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    BIO 307 - Histology

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    A study of the microscopic structure of cells, tissues and organs in vertebrate animals with special emphasis on human tissues. An effort is made to correlate structure and function and highlight important pathologies.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116.

  
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    BIO 309 - Plant Taxonomy

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    An introduction to principles of classification of plants and characteristics of major plant families with emphasis on the plants of the Midwest. Includes field study and laboratory practice in identifying, collecting and preserving plants.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO116 or permission of instructor.

  
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    BIO 310WI - Cell Biology

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department) (Writing intensive)
    A study of the structure and function of cells and of their subcellular organelles. Structural detail will be described to the level of macromolecular assemblages. Wherever possible, function will be described in terms of the molecular mechanisms that underlie biological processes.

    Note: Includes three lectures and 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO115, 116, and CHE101SN, 102, or CHE111, 112.

  
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    BIO 312 - Invertebrate Zoology

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    A survey of the structure, function, classification and behavior of animals without backbones. Special attention is given to those which are parasitic in nature.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116.

  
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    BIO 315WI - Immunology

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department) (Writing intensive)
    The basis of the immune system throughout the animal kingdom is the ability to recognize “self” from “not-self”. This course will investigate the molecular and cellular mechanisms that allow organisms to recognize, control and eliminate such not-self entities as bacterial pathogens, foreign tissue grafts and even transformed cells.

    Note: Includes three lectures and 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO115, 116 and CHE101SN, 102 or CHE111, 112.

  
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    BIO 320 - Pharmacology

    (4 credits)
    A survey of the pharmacologic basis of therapeutics beginning with an introduction to the principles of pharmacology. This is followed by a survey of the more important drugs used in medicine with emphasis on mechanism of action, clinical use, and adverse effects.

    Prerequisites: BIO122 or BIO222 and CHE101, 102 or CHE111, 112.

  
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    BIO 326x - Biochemistry: Proteins and Metabolism

    (4 credits)
    A fundamental course surveying biomolecules, catabolism, bioenergetics and biosynthesis.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: CHE321 and 322.

    Cross-Referenced: Cross-referenced in chemistry.
  
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    BIO 327WI - Biochemistry: Molecular Genetics

    (4 credits) (Writing intensive)
    This course focuses on the structure and function of nucleic acids and examines the biochemical techniques involved in gaining knowledge regarding replication, transcription and translation of genetic information, and control of gene expression.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO115, CHE321 and 322.

  
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    BIO 329 - Stewardship Ecology

    (4 credits; alternate summers, consult department)
    This course examines the application of the scientific principles of conservation and restoration ecology through the lens of a Biblically informed view of our role as stewards of God’s Creation. This course includes an in-depth study of our call to stewardship, field projects and an extended field trip. This course creates the foundation for development of a worldview that incorporates a personal responsibility for Christian environmental stewardship.

    Note: Each course offering is subject to enrollment. Additional travel costs will be assessed in addition to tuition. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO101SN, 116, 205 or permission of instructor.

  
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    BIO 330 - Topics in Ecology

    (1-4 credits; a minimum of 4 credits will be offered per year)
    Advanced studies of the function and structure of local ecological communities and/or life forms. Courses will emphasize the use of fieldwork, research projects and/or primary literature.

    Note: Course may include required field trips and 3 lab hours per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO205 or permission of instructor.

  
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    BIO 340 - Neuroscience

    (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    Introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system, emphasizing neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neuropharmacology and aspects of neuropathology. Multiple levels will be explored from the molecular and cellular levels through brain and spinal cord networks that contribute to complex behavioral and cognitive function.

    Note: Includes 3 hours of lecture and additional laboratory work each week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: BIO102SN or 221 or permission of instructor.

  
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    BIO 345 - Neuroscience and Persons Seminar (NAPs)

    (2 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    Interdisciplinary lectures, discussions and presentations related to the reading and critiquing of literature on selected topics in the area of neuroscience and persons. Student-led discussions and presentations (oral and written) will be emphasized. Possible topics include: artificial/machine intelligence, clinical neuroscience and neuropathology, cognitive neuroscience, neuroscience and Christianity, neuroscience of emotion, neuroethics, neuromodeling, neuroscience of mental illness, neurophilosophy, neurotheology and social neuroscience; consideration of NAPs-related student research may also be included.

    Prerequisite: BIO340 or permission of instructor.

  
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    BIO 350 - Special Topics

    (2-4 credits; non-yearly, consult department)
    Courses and topics which are of special interest to faculty and students but which are not offered on a regular basis may be assigned this number. Examples of such offerings would be developmental biology, cardiovascular physiology and virology. Extended field trips for which credit is offered also fall into this category.

    Note: Includes three lectures and 1 1/2 hours of lab per week. A fee is associated with this course.

    Prerequisites: appropriate 200-level biology courses.

  
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    BIO 351 - Physical Therapy Field Experience

    (2 credits)
    The experience acquaints the student more fully with the profession of physical therapy. Most professional schools of physical therapy require applicants to have had practical experience.

    Note: Graded on a pass/no pass basis.

    Prerequisites: sophomore class standing, physical therapy pre-professional, minimum cumulative GPA of 3.00.

  
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    BIO 352 - Veterinary Medicine Field Experience

    (2 credits)
    Under the overall supervision of the pre-veterinary advisory committee the student will spend time in clinic and on call observing the work of local veterinarians. An attempt will be made to expose the student to as many different veterinary specializations as possible.

    Note: Graded on a pass/no pass basis.

    Prerequisites: junior class standing, veterinary medicine pre-professional.

  
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    BIO 353 - Conservation of Natural Resources Field Experience

    (2 credits; non-yearly, consult department)
    The student would work under the supervision of persons involved in conservation work at the site of the cooperating agency.

    Note: Graded on a pass/no pass basis.

    Prerequisite: junior class standing and prior arrangement.

  
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    BIO 360 - Pathophysiology

    (4 credits)
    An introduction to the pathophysiology associated with the disease states of the human body. The focus of the course will be on disruptions in homeostasis as the result of organ system malfunction or failure. The pathophysiology associated with the following systems will be examined: blood, cells and cell growth, nervous, muscle, cardiovascular, endocrine, respiratory, renal, reproductive and gastrointestinal.

    Prerequisites: BIO122 or 222 and CHE102 or 112.

  
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    BIO 393 - Research Experience

    (1 credit)
    A research experience for biology ecological science majors in fulfillment of the department’s field skills requirement. The research experience course shall be designed to provide credit and documentation of a field experience. During enrollment in the research experience course, the student shall, under supervision of department faculty, analyze data collected during the field experience, organize and synthesize such data into a professional scientific paper, submit such a paper to an appropriate, peer-reviewed journal and make subsequent response to the journal pursuant to publication. Departmental approval required.

  
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    BIO 398 - Directed Study


  
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    BIO 417 - Internship

    (4 credits may apply toward the major)
  
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    BIO 425x - Biology/Chemistry Research Seminar

    (1/4 credit; non-yearly, consult department)
    A research seminar of in-progress studies in chemistry and biology by Northwestern students, faculty and selected invited guests from other institutions. Features presentation, discussion, analysis and critique of original research.

    Note: Course may be repeated. Graded on a pass/no pass basis. Student must attend 90% of the total number of seminars offered during the semester to receive a passing grade.

    Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

    Cross-Referenced: Cross-referenced in chemistry.
  
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    BIO 450SR - Science and Christian Faith

    (3 credits)
    Science and Christian Faith is a senior seminar course designed for biology and chemistry majors. The course revisits the three FYS course questions: Who am I? Who are my neighbors? How will we live in the world? Our thoughtful examination of these three questions will draw on knowledge gained from your biology and chemistry courses, but also integrates broadly with your liberal arts education (religion, philosophy, etc.) as we explore questions of origins, creation care, and bioethics and through the lens of Christian faith and theology. The readings, written assignments, oral presentations, and discussions will lead us to consider how God calls us, as scientists and people of faith, to be agents of redemption in our world.

    Prerequisites: senior biology or chemistry major. Junior biology or chemistry majors who cannot take this course during their senior year may request permission from their advisor who will consult with the department chairs to register.

  
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    BUS 200 - Principles of Marketing

    (2 credits)
    This course introduces students to marketing terminology; defines the elements and activities necessary to create, communicate and deliver value through beneficial exchanges; and enables students to understand and replicate the marketing process at any entry level.

  
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    BUS 201 - Principles of Management

    (2 credits)
    This course introduces the student to the basic principles of management. It includes the understanding of managers’ actions in the work place, on the organization and employees. It includes the study of basic management tools and techniques.

  
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    BUS 205 - Project Management

    (2 credits)
    This course is an introduction to the field of project management. The main objective is to gain a basic overview of how project management is an art, a science, and a practice. Students will gain technical skills but even more importantly soft skills. Projects are about people, working with people, using skills like communication, working effectively in teams, interpersonal skills, time management, critical thinking, and organizational skills that are all highly valued by employers. The course will emphasize experiential learning and collaborative learning.

    Prerequisites: BUS200 or BUS201.

  
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    BUS 210 - New Venture Innovation

    (2 credits)
    This course is a foundational course designed to inspire and engage students in dimensions that drive new ideas as well as the methods and tools to develop innovation and problem solving. Students will address practical problems associated with starting a business, including a feasibility analysis. The focus is to empower learning through entrepreneurial thinking and immerse students in experiences that will develop skills for new ventures. This course will be of value to students of all majors and requires no specialized knowledge.

  
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    BUS 221 - Introduction to Legal Environment

    (2 credits)
    The goal of this course is to provide the student with an introduction to the American legal system from a Christian perspective. Emphasis is placed on those topics which are particularly relevant to business and business transactions.

  
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    BUS 225 - Practicum in Business

    (1 credit)
    This course is a directed practicum in business for students and is by arrangement with instructor and on-site supervisor(s). The course will provide initial practical work experience in the field of business.

    Note: Requires 25 clock hours of work experience. Graded on a pass/no pass basis. Course may be repeated one time.

    Prerequisites: ACC215, BUS200 or BUS201.

  
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    BUS 300 - Principles of Finance

    (2 credits)
    This course covers the basic principles, theory and techniques of financial decision-making in the structure of a corporation.

    Prerequisites: ACC215 and ACC216; and either MAT109QR or MAT117QR.

  
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    BUS 304 - Investments

    (4 credits)
    Models of risk and return are carefully developed to provide a basis for assessing investment opportunities and to enhance our understanding of the role and importance of financial markets. A considerable portion of the course will be devoted to the pricing of derivative securities including options, forward contracts and futures contracts.

    Prerequisite: BUS300 or ACC315.

  
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    BUS 305 - Organizational Behavior and Theory

    (4 credits, alternate years, consult department)
    This course will review the major historical and contemporary themes and phases of organizational theory and behavior. The class will examine and discuss the evolution and practice of the modern organization. The course will provide an understanding of the key concepts and principles of organization theory and behavior. This course will provide an opportunity for critical analysis of practical application of the concepts identified through the readings and lecture.

    Prerequisite: BUS201.

  
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    BUS 308 - Methods of Teaching Secondary Business

    (3 credits; alternate years, consult department)
    This course is the study of the content, techniques, materials and theory for teaching business at the secondary level. This course requires a 30 hour practicum and is required of each candidate seeking an endorsement in this content area.

    Note: The course does not count toward a major or minor in business education, business administration, accounting or economics.

  
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    BUS 309 - Human Resource Management

    (3 credits)
    Students study the development of human resources management, including history, policies, practices and applications. Specific attention is paid to the study of the processes involving the management of human resources and its legal environment.

    Prerequisite: BUS201 or permission of instructor.

  
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    BUS 315WI - Business Writing

    (2 credits) (Writing intensive)
    Business Writing is an interdisciplinary writing course designed to provide instruction on writing skills relevant to the workplace. The course focuses on the practice and study of methods of written communication that are utilized in the professional world. This course explores techniques and strategies specific to business writing through in-class lectures and exercises, a group project, and individual writing assignments.

    Prerequisites: sophomore standing and two ACC, AGR, BUS or ECO courses.

  
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    BUS 321 - Business Law

    (4 credits)
    This course is designed to acquaint students with the legal principles which, when followed, allow business transactions to run smoothly and with predictability. The topics include contracts, agency and property law, plus criminal law, torts, the Uniform Commercial Code, the litigation process and alternatives to litigation. Both business and non-business students can benefit from this basic course on Anglo-American law.

  
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    BUS 323 - Operations Management

    (4 credits)
    This course integrates the theory, scope and practice of operations in industrial and service settings and the importance of supply chain management as a recent development in operations management. It includes the study of quality, lean management, supply chain management, capacity, scheduling, inventory control, logistics, forecasting and coordination. A strong emphasis is placed on practical and behavioral aspects of operations management.

    Prerequisite: BUS201.

  
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    BUS 325 - Integrated Marketing Communications

    (4 credits)
    This course will examine promotional and integrated communication strategies which include various marketing communication functions: sales promotion, personal selling, branding, event promotion, public relations, advertising, and interactive marketing. Students will learn to utilize this information in developing effective marketing communication strategies and programs.

    Prerequisite: BUS200.

  
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    BUS 328 - Sales

    (4 credits)
    This course is a study of the skills needed to develop and manage long-term relationships with customers and suppliers. Emphasis is placed on relationship selling, presentation, prospecting, handling objectives and closing techniques with consideration given to differences in the global marketplace.

    Prerequisite: Sophomore standing.

 

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